The last seven years of Daniel’s prophecy of Seventy Weeks/Sevens (490 years) are mentioned in Daniel 9:27 and Daniel 12. It is also discussed in more detail in Revelation 4-19. These last seven years of the end times before Jesus returns at His 2nd Advent is also known as Jacob’s Trouble or the Tribulation.
The Tribulation’s duration, from the confirming of the covenant between the Antichrist and the many (Israel and others) to the beginning of Jesus’ millennium kingdom, will be for exactly 2520 days. The solar/Gregorian calendar of 365.2425 days is not used to calculate these last 7 years (and the other 483 years of Daniel’s prophecy) but rather the prophetic/biblical calendar (Noah’s calendar) of 360 days per year.
Whether you break down the Tribulation into two equal halves of 1260 days each or into two parts of 1230 and 1290 days (as described in In the Midst:: by Randy Nettles - Rapture Ready), most eschatologists agree the total duration is for 2520 days.
2520 is a special number in several ways. It is the smallest number divisible by all integers from 1 to 10, i.e., it is their least common multiple. It is a colossally abundant number with many factors or divisors, including: 12, 14, 15, 18, 20, 21, 24, 28, 30, 35, 36, 40, 42, 45, 56, 60, 63, 70, 72, 84, 90, 105, 120, 126, 140, 168, 180, 210, 252, 280, 315, 360, 420, 504, 630, 840, 1260, and 2520. It is half of 7! (5040), meaning 7 factorial, or 1 X 2 X 3 X 4 X 5 X 6 X 7.
2520 is also a number of the proportion of creation, especially the heavens. Here are a few examples:
A solar day is measured by one 360-degree revolution of the earth, so a 7-day week = 2520 (360 x 7) degrees.
The earth’s diameter is 7916.813 statute miles and is determined by multiplying 360 X 7 = 2520, and 2520 X pi = 7916.813.
The moon’s diameter is 2160 statute miles and is determined by subtracting the number of degrees in a circle, 360, from 2520.
The distance of the moon at its apogee from the earth is 252,088 statute miles.
King David realized and appreciated God’s creation when he wrote, “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork. Day unto day utters speech, and night unto night reveals knowledge. There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Their line has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them, He has set a tabernacle for the sun, which is like a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoices like a strong man to run its race. Its rising is from one end of heaven, and its circuit to the other end; and there is nothing hidden from its heat” (Psalm 19:1-6).
Last but not least is the fact that 2520 is the product of the four great numbers of completion or perfection (God’s “perfect” numbers), 3 X 7 X 10 X 12 = 2520.
There is also an amazing correlation between the numbers 430 and 2520 regarding Jewish history and their servitude/tribulation by enemy kingdoms. The first 430 years began when God made a covenant with Abram (Abraham) regarding the ownership of the land of Canaan (by Abraham and his seed) in 1876 BC. The affliction of Abraham’s seed (Isaac and descendants) began in 1846 BC, 30 years after Abram’s original covenant, when Ishmael was 19 years old. The event that started this tribulation was when Ismael jealously mocked Isaac on the celebratory day he was weaned as described in Genesis 21:8-20.
The affliction of Isaac continued in the land of Canaan until his death in 1671 BC. That same year, Isaac’s grandson, Joseph, was standing in front of the Pharaoh of Egypt, interpreting his dream. Isaac’s son, Jacob, and his family relocated to Egypt in 1661 BC. The children of Israel stayed in Egypt for 215 years until the Exodus in 1446 BC, which would be the end of the 430-year timeline. This timeline confirms the prophecy of 400 years (1846 BC – 1446 BC) mentioned in Genesis 15:13 and the 430 years (1876- 1446 BC) mentioned in Exodus 12:40-41. Paul reaffirms the 430 years in Galatians 3:17-18.
The next prophetic 430 year period is mentioned in Ezekiel 4:3-6 when God gave Ezekiel a prophecy concerning the judgment and punishment for Israel in lieu of her wickedness. Each day that Ezekiel was to lay on his side represented one biblical year (of 360 days) for Israel and Judah’s punishment. The start of this prophecy begins in 586-585 BC with the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by the Babylonians.
God deducted 70 years of captivity in Babylon, as prophesied by Jeremiah, so now there remained a total of 360 years of further punishment beyond 536 BC, which marked the end of the Babylonian captivity. It should be noted that, historically, Israel did not repent of its sin, at the end of the 70 years. For this sin, God’s divine principle for disobedience found in Leviticus 26 took effect. “And if you will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.” So now, instead of 360 years of further punishment, Israel would undergo 2520 biblical years of punishment, and then, and only then, would final restoration to the land be accomplished.
The starting date for the 2520 biblical years is 536 BC. 2520 biblical (prophetic) years X 360 = 907,200 days. Converting this figure into our Gregorian calendar of 365.2425 days and dividing 365.2425 into 907,200 days, we reach a total of 2483.8 calendar years. If you add 2483.8 years to 536 BC you come to the year AD 1948. On May 14, 1948, the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel was proclaimed to the world and the Jewish kingdom/nation was reborn, fulfilling the prophecies of Ezekiel 4:3-6, Leviticus 26, and Ezekiel 37:1-14.
It appears the numbers 7, 360, and 2520 are not only prevalent in creation but also when it comes to God’s chosen (and not forgotten) people – the children of Israel. There is little doubt that the Tribulation mainly revolves around Israel and its restoration and conversion; even when it comes to the duration of “Jacob’s Trouble,” 2520 days.
These numbers make me, as a Bible numbers guy, wonder where God’s perfect numbers fit into God’s timeline for the end times known as the Day of the Lord. For those of you who aren’t familiar with these numbers, please refer to God’s Perfect Number: Part 1:: By Randy Nettles:: Rapture Ready. In this article/s we examine the biblical significance of four special numbers, 3, 7, 10, and 12 that God uses repeatedly in a manner that quite often connotes perfection and/or completion. The number 3 signifies divine perfection, 7 is the number for spiritual perfection, 10 is the number for ordinal perfection, and 12 is the number for government perfection.
The number 7 has already been mentioned frequently throughout this article in relation to the numbers 360 and 2520 and the duration of the Tribulation, which is 7 biblical years. These last 7 years of human history before Jesus returns to the earth to establish His Millennial Kingdom is the long-delayed 70th week of Daniel’s prophecy (Daniel 9:24-27) given to him by the angel Gabriel.
This prophecy gives the duration for 6 (the number for man) objectives for Israel and Jerusalem before Jesus will return as their Messiah: 1) To finish the transgression. 2) To make an end of sins. 3) To make reconciliation for iniquity. 4) To bring in everlasting righteousness. 5) To seal up vision and prophecy 6) To anoint the Most Holy. Once these deeds are accomplished, Jesus will begin His 1000 year reign as King of kings and Lord of lords.
The Day of the Lord begins with the Rapture of the Church as mentioned in But of that Day and Hour :: By Randy Nettles - Rapture Ready. No one knows the day and hour of the Rapture and no one ever will until it happens. Jesus said even the angels of heaven didn’t know and only God the Father knew the date and time, according to Matthew 24:36. When the Rapture happens (in the twinkling of an eye), I believe it will come as a surprise to every living human being on the planet, unbelievers as well as believers. Everybody will be going about their daily earthly routine with no thought of heavenly matters, such as the Rapture.
In my estimation, there will be a gap of time that transpires between the start of the Day of the Lord (Rapture) and the start of the Tribulation (confirming of the covenant by the Antichrist and Israel/many). Perhaps that is where the perfect numbers of 3, 7, 10, and 12 come into play. I think (hypothetically) that the Rapture might occur either 3 or 5 (number of grace) years before the start of the 7 year Tribulation. That would place the timing of the Rapture at either 10 or 12 years before Jesus’ 2nd Coming.
Many astute Bible teachers believe the prophecy of Ezekiel 38 (war of Gog/Magog) and the prophecy of Isaiah 17 (destruction of Damascus) will be fulfilled either slightly before or after the Rapture which would also place the timing at 10 or 12 years before the 2nd Advent. Of course, this is only an educated hypothesis (definition: a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation) concerning the timing of the Day of the Lord.
We do know a few certain facts concerning the Tribulation. It will last for 7 years and it is getting close. We know it is getting close as apostasy and lawlessness is abounding in all areas of society, including government institutions and municipalities (local, state, and national), politics, media, social media, religion, sports, entertainment, financial institutions, schools, and universities, business and corporations, and the family unit. Crime is rampant and getting worse. Socialism and Communism are rearing their ugly heads as the New World Order is beginning to take form.
Lies and fake news are the main sources of information we get from politicians, media, and health organizations. Satan must be proud as he is called the father of lies, “You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it” (John 8:44). Even nature and the animal kingdom seem to be rebelling as the end draws near.
I have given several theoretical examples of possible future timelines for the Tribulation and Jesus’ 2nd Coming in my article series In The Midst- Parts I – V. Based on limited evidence, I believe Part IV: Return of the King has the most merit, with 2026 as the start and 2033 as the finish. Hypothetically, in the year 2033, Jesus will return physically to the earth after a 2,000-year absence since he was crucified in the year AD 33. 2,000 years is as two days for the Lord according to the apostle Peter. “But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day with the Lord is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day” (2 Peter 3:8).
The Old Testament prophet Hosea had this to say about the subject, in my opinion: “After two days (2000 years) He will revive us: in the third day (beginning of the 1000 year reign of Jesus) He will raise us up, and we shall live in His sight. Then we shall know, if we follow on to know the LORD: His going forth is prepared as the morning; and He shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter (spring rain – 1st Advent) and former rain (fall rain – 2nd Advent) unto the earth” (Hosea 6:2-3). For more (limited) evidence go to: https://www.raptureready.com/2020/06/20/in-the-midst-part-iv-return-of-the-king-by-randy-nettles/
According to my recent article/s Chronology of Mankind – 6000 Years of History, we are currently (AD 2021) 19 years away from the 6,000 year anniversary of mankind. Many Bible scholars are of the belief that there will be 6,000 years of recorded history for mankind before Jesus returns and establishes His millennial kingdom on planet Earth. They believe that just as the original creation week took 6 days of work and 1 day of rest (for a total of 7 days), so mankind will work on the earth for 6,000 years and will then rest for 1,000 years during the millennial reign of Jesus Christ. After 7,000 years, God will create a new heaven and earth for the faithful angels and redeemed man. By my reckoning, in 2033 we will be 7 years shy of the benchmark 6,000 years of human history. However, we could be closer than that due to insufficient data regarding the exact age of the antediluvian and post-flood patriarchs at the time of their son’s birth, as recorded in the Bible…years are given but not years + months.
As mentioned before, the only one who knows for certain the exact timing of these end-time events is God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) and He is silent on the subject. For those left behind after the Rapture, the start of the Tribulation will be known once the Antichrist confirms a 7 year (2520 days) covenant with Israel. His name in Greek or Hebrew gematria will have a numerical value that adds up to 666. The A.C. will break the covenant “in the midst” of the 7 years and that is when all hell breaks loose on planet earth and his true intentions will become known. His absolute reign over the entire earth will be short-lived, however, as it will only last for 3.5 biblical years or 1260 days. This is about the same duration as Jesus’ earthly ministry.
“And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming” (2 Thessalonians 2:8). “And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day there shall be one LORD and his name one” (Zechariah 14:9).
Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.